How To: The ABA Program Binder







*This post is intended to be a guide to creating an ABA program binder, also known as the skill book. The information in this post is not all-inclusive. The funding source and your employer may have their own requirements for what must be kept inside the ABA program binder.*


The program binder is an essential part of any ABA program, regardless of where therapy is conducted (home, at a center, inside a classroom). 
The programs tell you what skills to teach, and the programs are all compiled inside of the program book. The program book will remain a source of information, progress, goals, and data, throughout the duration of the therapeutic process. Many people may view or have regular access to the program book including all of the direct therapists, the Supervisor/BCBA, school team, and the parents/family. 
Depending on the funding source, the information inside of the program book may be considered legal documents. For example, the data sheets could be used as evidence during an IEP due process, or submitted to insurance companies to receive reimbursement. It is important to keep the program book neat, organized, and accurate. As information becomes obsolete, it should be removed and securely stored elsewhere to keep the book neat and current. Old data sheets from 6 months ago shouldn’t be just jammed into the back of the program binder, same for an old teaching protocol that no one uses anymore.

The Supervisor is typically the only person removing programs or data from the program binder after careful review, but sometimes the Supervisor may share this responsibility with the Lead therapist or teacher. What’s important is that someone is in charge of the upkeep of the program book, and is reviewing the data regularly and closely. 

I have walked into some settings for ABA consultation, and been handed huge, overflowing, program binders and the reason why is usually because everybody helps to update and organize the program binder. When its “everybody’s” job that can means it’s “nobody’s” job. Everyone thinks someone else will clean it up, so one actually does.

For parents, it is important to store the program binder (and all therapy materials) in a secure location, out of the reach of children. It wastes time and resources when a therapist arrives for a therapy session and finds that the children in the home have colored all over the data sheets, or spilled juice on the session notes.


To create a program binder you will need:

Large 2-4 in. binder, with easy to open rings
Lined Notebook paper
Dividers with multicolored tabs
Pencil pouch containing: pens, pencils, highlighters, hand sanitizer, paperclips, timer,  Kleenex, etc. (never know what you will need in the middle of a session!)
Transparent sheet protectors (3 hole punched)
3 hole punched manila folders




Order of Program Book

  • Sign In Sheet –The sign-in sheet is where anyone who will be running a session needs to record the time, date, and duration of the session. This could be the therapist team, or maybe a parent decides to do a Saturday morning session. Keeping a record of who worked with the client and when, is important for knowing how many hours of therapy occur each week.  The sign-in sheet can also help to reveal concerning patterns, such as a therapist who regularly leaves sessions 40 minutes early.
  • Preference Assessment, Completed Assessment Grid – During the intake process, an observation and assessment should have been completed. The results of this information should be kept in the program binder to be easily accessible. Typically the Supervisor conducts the assessment, but the direct staff still need access to the information to know the client's strengths and areas for intervention.  I also like putting the initial assessment and intake form inside the program binder because it helps the direct staff know what the initial goals were, or why the parents sought out    treatment. The preference assessment is important because it will tell the staff what is motivating to the client, and what the client enjoys.  
  • Current BIP, FBA, Protocols – The initial Behavior Plan or Functional Behavior Assessment should be kept in the program binder, to be easily accessible.  The people who will be working with the client regularly need to know what problem behaviors are being targeted, and what procedures to use. Everyone on the team needs to know how to handle (and collect data on) challenging behaviors.
  • Data Sheets – The data sheets should be kept near the front of the binder for easy access, and so they can be grabbed quickly at the start of the session. This could include trial by trial data sheets, Cold Probe data sheets, parent training summaries, behavior frequency data sheets, etc. Typically, the first therapist to work with the client at the start of the week should look over the program binder and clean it up as necessary (print out more data sheets, replace pens, etc.)
  • Manding/ NET Data Sheets – If Manding trials or NET sessions are being done, the data sheets should be stored inside of the program binder. These sheets should be reviewed regularly by the Supervisor, both to track progress and make programming changes as necessary.
  • Graphs – The graphs should be stored directly after the data sheets. Graphing helps to visually see progress and enables quick decision making. Downward trend graphs, or "flatline data" (that would look like 40%, 40%, 40%) need to be evaluated, so a determination can be made if the program needs to be changed or if teaching error is happening.
  • Active Programs – The active, or current, programs are the meat of the program binder. I typically will give a client more programs than they need, with most being active and some being put on “hold”. This way as the client begins mastering programs, the therapists can quickly move to a new program. The therapists should be keeping track of when a program begins, when it ends, and maintenance trial data. Sometimes the Supervisor is the only one who can master or remove a program, and sometimes this task is shared with a Lead therapist or teacher. What is important is that anyone who is mastering out a program or choosing what to teach next is trained to do so. Selecting which programs to teach next should not be an arbitrary process.
  • Mastered Programs – As programs are mastered, or “closed out”, the active programs should be moved into the mastered programs section of the binder. This way the therapists can easily go back and revisit old programs, as well as look and see what the child has recently mastered. The mastered programs are also necessary to update the assessment grid.
  • Session Notes – The team should be writing session notes for each therapy session. Session notes should include a brief summary of the session as well as any changes that were made to the treatment plan. It is important to use professional, objective language when writing session notes. Trust me when I say: you never know who will read the session notes. Avoid overly negative statements like, “He was so whiny today”. Focus on objective statements, and try to frame them positively. This is also where you can leave notes/suggestions for the next therapist, such as “Zoey may be ill, appeared drowsy today and sneezed several times”.
  • Supervision Notes – The Supervisor  should be writing supervision notes when they are on-site for supervision visits. This could include information about the programs, the data sheets, changes to the staff schedule, etc. The Supervisor should avoid using these notes to write specific comments or disparaging remarks about a therapist, such as “Carrie was 25 minutes late for the session today”.  Again, try to use objective, positive language when writing notes, such as “Therapists: please be sure to arrive on time for sessions, and immediately notify the parents if you will be late”. When each therapist arrives for a therapy session they should review the daily notes from the last session, data sheets, and the supervision notes to see if any changes have been made to programs.


During clinical team meetings, the entire team should review the program binder together looking over the data, programs, and session notes to discuss if any changes need to be made. 
Also, I suggest taking turns implementing programs and watching each therapist work 1:1 with the child. In a group setting, this can provide extremely valuable feedback and tips on how to improve. Team meetings are also a great time to get the parents involved and give them 1 or 2 programs to try with the child, so they can receive instant feedback from the professionals present. If you take notes during team meetings, those notes can also be stored inside of the program book for future review or as a record of what was discussed.


4 comments

  1. Thank you very much, this is a great help for me....keep posting , please!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm glad the information is helpful, thanks for commenting! :-)

      Delete
  2. Homebased TeachingMarch 30, 2013 at 6:06 AM

    Yeah, I agree! Truly helpful :)

    ReplyDelete

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